Cytogenet Genome Res，https://doi.org/10.1159/000527781
Luo Y.-C.a，Chen C.a，Wu D.-D.a,b，Lu J.-L.c，Sha L.-N.b,c，Fan X.a,b，Cheng Y.-R.b，Kang H.-Y.a,b，Wang Y.a,b，Zhou Y.-H.a,b，Zhang C.-B.d，Zhang H.-Q.b,c
Natural hybridization has been frequently observed in Triticeae; however, few studies have investigated the origin of natural intergeneric Triticeae hybrids. In the present study, we discovered three putative hybrid Triticeae plants in the Western Sichuan Plateau of China. Morphologically, the putative hybrids were intermediate betweenKengyilia melanthera(2n = 6x = 42; StStYYPP) andCampeiostachys dahuricavar.tangutorum(2n = 6x = 42; StStYYHH) with greater plant height and tiller number. Cytological analyses demonstrated that the hybrids were hexaploid with 42 chromosomes (2n = 6x = 42). At metaphase I, 12.10–12.58 bivalents and 13.81–14.18 univalents per cell were observed in the hybrid plants. Genomic in situ hybridization demonstrated that the hybrids had StStYYHP genomes. Phylogenetic analysis ofAcc1sequences indicated that the hybrids were closely related toK. melantheraandC. dahuricavar.tangutorum.Our morphological, cytological, and molecular analyses indicate that these hexaploid natural hybrid plants may be hybrids ofK. melantheraandC. dahuricavar.tangutorum.