Ye, Xueling;Hu, Haiyan;Zhou, Hong;Jiang, Yunfeng;Gao, Shang;Yuan, Zhongwei;Stiller, Jiri;Li, Chengwei;Chen, Guoyue;Liu, Yaxi;Wei, Yu-Ming;Zheng, Youliang;Wang, You-Gan;Liu, Chunji
Subgenome asymmetry (SA) has routinely been attributed to different responses between the subgenomes of a polyploid to various stimuli during evolution. Here, we compared subgenome differences in gene ratio and relative diversity between artificial and natural genotypes of several allopolyploid species. Surprisingly, consistent differences were detected between these two types of polyploid genotypes although they differ in times exposed to evolutionary selection. The estimated ratio of shared genes between a subgenome and its diploid donor was invariably higher for the artificial allopolyploid genotypes than those for the natural genotypes, which is expected as it is now well-known that many genes in a species are not shared among all individuals. As the exact diploid parent for a given subgenome is unknown, the estimated ratios of shared genes for the natural genotypes would also include difference among individual genotypes of the diploid donor species. Further, we detected the presence of SA in genotypes before the completion of the polyploidization events as well as in those which were not formed via polyploidization. These results indicate that SA may, to a large degree, reflect differences between its diploid donors or that changes occurred during polyploid evolution are defined by their donor genomes.