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Alternative splicing results in a lack of starch synthase IIa-D in Chinese wheat landrace

点击数:发布时间:2018-05-23 09:52:40 来源: 小麦研究所

Yan-Jie Zhou, Qiang Yang, Xiao-Juan Zhong, Hua-Ping Tang, Mei Deng, Jian Ma, Peng-Fei Qi, Ji-Rui Wang, Guo-Yue Chen, Ya-Xi Liu, Zhen-Xiang Lu, Wei Li, Xiu-Jin Lan, Yu-Ming Wei, You-Liang Zheng, Qian-Tao Jiang

Published on the web 5 February 2018.

https://doi.org/10.1139/gen-2017-0246

ABSTRACT

We evaluated the SGP-1 protein composition of 368 Chinese wheat landraces using SDS-PAGE. The SGP-D1 null type was identified in three accessions (Xiaoqingmang, Pushanbamai, and P119). An 18-bp deletion and 9-bp variation were found at the junction region of the 7th intron and 8th exon, leading to deletion of the intron–exon junction recognition site AG when aligned the 8261-bp DNA sequence of TaSSIIa-D in Pushanbamai with that of Chinese Spring. Four cDNA types with mis-spliced isoforms were subsequently detected through amplification ofTaSSIIa-D cDNAs. Among these, nine type II cDNAs with a 16-bp deletion in the 8th exon were detected, indicating that the major transcriptional pattern of TaSSIIa in Pushanbamai is type II. In the type IV cDNA, a 97-bp sequence remains undeleted in the end of the 5th exon. The amylose content in Pushanbamai was significantly higher than that in all control lines under field conditions, which suggested that deletion of SGP-D1 has an efficient impact on amylose content. As the TaSSIIa gene plays an important role in regulating the content of amylose, it is anticipated that these natural variants of TaSSIIa-D will provide useful resources for quality improvement in wheat.

Keywords: Chinese wheat landrace, starch, amylose, TaSSIIa, alternative splicing