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Characterization of novel D-hordeins from Psathyrostachys juncea

点击数:发布时间:2018-05-23 09:47:46 来源: 小麦研究所

X. K. Hu, S. F. Dai, T. Ouellet, M. Balcerzak, H. Rocheleau, S. Khanizadeh, Z. J. Pu, Z. H. Yan

https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10535-018-0775-6

First Online: 25 January 2018

Abstract

Three genes encoding novel D-hordeins, Ns 1.3, Ns 2.6, and Ns 2.9 were isolated from Psathyrostachys juncea. The Ns 1.3 differed from Ns 2.6 and Ns 2.9 by having a shorter open reading frame (< 1.5 kb versus > 2.5 kb), and was probably not expressed as a normal protein, while the activities for Ns 2.6 and Ns 2.9 were verified by bacterial expression. Though highly similar primary structure to wheat high molecular mass glutenin subunits (HMM-GSs) and barley D-hordeins, Ns 2.6 and Ns 2.9 had more cysteine residues (nine in total) and a larger molecular mass than HMMGSs, and a longer N-terminal length than D-hordeins. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the Ps. juncea D-hordeins were divided into Ns 1.3 type and Ns 2.6/Ns 2.9 type. Divergence times indicated that Ns 1.3 diverged the earliest from the orthologous Triticeae locus, while Ns 2.6 and Ns 2.9 and the D-hordeins from two Hordeum species diverged nearly at the same time from those loci, and the divergence between the D-hordeins of H. chilense and Ns 2.6/Ns 2.9 was more recent than between the two Hordeum species. The novel Ps. juncea D-hordeins have the potential to be very important for improving the end-use quality of wheat flours because of the presence of extra cysteine residues and longer repetitive domain, in addition they can contribute to the understanding of the evolution of Triticeae prolamins.

Additional key words

bacterial expression, Hordeum chilense, H. vulgare, HMM-prolamins, phylogenetic analysis , Triticum aestivum