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Identification of QTL for flag leaf length in common wheat and their pleiotropic effects

点击数:发布时间:2018-01-15 09:35:44 来源:

Yaxi Liu & Yang Tao & Zhiqiang Wang & Qiaoling Guo &

Fangkun Wu & Xilan Yang & Mei Deng & Jian Ma &

Guangdeng Chen & Yuming Wei & Youliang Zheng


Received: 2 April 2017 /Accepted: 8 December 2017

# Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2017


Abstract

Leaf size is an important factor contributing to the photosynthetic capability of wheat plants. It also significantly affects various agronomic traits. In particular, the flag leaves contribute significantly to grain yield in wheat. A recombinant inbred line (RIL) population developed between varieties with significant differences in flag leaf traits was used to map quantitative trait loci (QTL) of flag leaf length (FLL) and to evaluate its pleiotropic effects on five yield-related traits, including spike length (SL), spikelet number per spike (SPN), kernel number per spike (KN), kernel length (KL), and thousand-kernel weight (TKW). Two additional RIL populations were used to validate the detected QTL and reveal the relationships in different genetic backgrounds. Using the diversity arrays technology (DArT) genetic linkage map, three major QTL for FLL were detected, with single QTL in different environments explaining 8.6–23.3% of the phenotypic variation. All the QTL were detected in at least four environments, and validated in two related populations based on the designed primers. These QTL and the newly developed primers are expected to be valuable for fine mapping and marker-assisted selection in wheat breeding programs.