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基因eam8.l的可变剪切可能是青藏高原部分青稞早熟的一种遗传机制

点击数:1890发布时间:2017-03-08 09:57:24 来源: 四川农业大学·小麦研究所

The alternative splicing of EAM8 contributes to early flowering and short-season adaptation in a landrace barley from the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau

Tengfei Xia · Lianquan Zhang · Jinqing Xu · Lei Wang · Baolong Liu · Ming Hao · Xi Chang · Tangwei Zhang · Shiming Li · Huaigang Zhang· Dengcai Liu · Yuhu Shen


Theor Appl Genet DOI 10.1007/s00122-016-2848-2


Key message The early flowering of Lalu was determined to be due to a novel spontaneous eam8 mutation, which resulted in intron retention and the formation of a putative truncated protein.


Abstract Barley is a staple crop grown over an extensive area in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Understanding the genetic mechanism for its success in a high altitude is important for crop improvement in marginal environments. Early flowering is a critical adaptive trait that strongly influences reproductive fitness in a short growing season. Loss-of-function mutations at the circadian clock gene EARLY MATURITY 8 (EAM8) promote rapid flowering. In this study, we identified a novel, spontaneous recessive eam8 mutant with an early flowering phenotype in a Tibetan barley landrace Lalu, which is natively grown at a high altitude of approximately 4000 m asl. The co-segregation analysis in a F2 population derived from the cross Lalu (early flowering) × Diqing 1 (late flowering) confirmed that early flowering of Lalu was determined to be due to an allele at EAM8. The eam8 allele from Lalu carries an A/G alternative splicing mutation at position 3257 in intron
3, designated eam8.l; this alternative splicing event leads to intron retention and a putative truncated protein. Of the 134 sequenced barley accessions, which are primarily native to the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, three accessions carried this mutation. The eam8.l mutation was likely to have originated in wild barley due to the presence of the Lalu haplotype in H. spontaneum from Tibet. Overall, alternative splicing has contributed to the evolution of the barley circadian clock and in the short-season adaptation of local barley germplasm. The study has also identified a novel
donor of early-flowering barley which will be useful for barley improvement.